Autolube Oil Mix Ratio Questions


Motorcycle Classics tech expert Keith Fellenstein

Editor's note: If you're having trouble with that old Suzuki, BSA or BMW, Keith Fellenstein is your guy. From motorcycle tuning tips to detailed motorcycle engine repair, he can draw from a wealth of experience to help guide you to success. Send questions to: Keith's Garage, Motorcycle Classics, 1503 SW 42nd St., Topeka, KS 66609, or send an e-mail with "Keith's Garage" as the subject.

Q: I recently purchased a 1966 Yamaha 305 Big Bear. I had one of these when I was a teen and found it to be almost indestructible. I am wanting to reduce the oil mix ratio on the Autolube oil system. I have looked at several shop manuals and the factory only shows one setting. There is a pin that aligns with a mark on the pump and is adjusted with the throttle cable. I think that by using a synthetic 2-stroke oil (Amsoil) that I can reduce the oil mixture ratio, thereby reducing exhaust smoke and increase spark plug life, as well as improve overall performance. What are your thoughts on this, and what procedure would you recommend? — John Botts/Ponca City, Oklahoma

A: My usual solution to oil injection problems has been to bypass the pump if possible, and pre-mix to your desired ratio. The Yamaha manuals I have mention removal of the oil injection system as an option for competition and suggest a 40:1 gas/oil ratio. I have little experience here in changing the pump output, so I thought I'd get some expert advice from the folks at HVCcycle, 2-stroke specialists in Nebraska. Brad Obidowski from HVCcycle says: "Keep in mind the oil in the mix has to lubricate the crankcase main bearings too, so be careful you don't cause yourself engine problems chasing less smoke. Modern low ash oils burn better, leave less residue, smoke less, and protect better anyway. If you do decide to change the autolube pump, 0.012-0.015 inch is the standard shim gap. You need to reduce this to reduce the amount of oil. I's mostly guesswork once you deviate from the factory settings." He also mentions that trying to adjust the flow by modifying the cable pull could result in too little oil at higher rpms, causing problems. Reducing the amount the cable pulls will leave the output of the pump at an idle state longer, thus reducing the needed extra oil at cruising speed. Adjusting the shim stack keeps the oil delivery constant with the required throttle position and rpm range. My final advice would be to set it up as stock. Too many problems arise from getting the mix wrong.

3/8/2018 8:30:27 AM

I also had a Yamaha Big Bear Scrambler back in the day. I was 16, it was red. I still remember the chrome lug nut atop the tank that served as a vent. The rest of the bike was pretty forgettable. Rock hard tires, so-so handling, and that typical 2-stroke power curve: nothing, nothing, nothing .......holy sh!t. I recall getting onto the highway once and nailing it. Lue lights quickly appeared behind me throttle blue smoke. The cop asked me if I was burning soft coal.

3/8/2018 7:41:46 AM

I have a 1978 Jawa 350 TS Oilmaster. With the old type 2 stroke oil it would smoke badly and I had to carry another set of plugs. Now since I went to SYN. type oil , now it smokes a little when I start it up and when the engine warms up a little, I am told by the people in our AVMS bike club that the bike hardly smokes at all. I have not replaced the spark plugs in 1 yr. of riding . I also closed up the spark plug gap from .030 to .020. So far so good. Hope this helps , Dereck

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